Originally a seaman and engineer, I have drawn on and merged this past experience with that of an artist. I graduated in 2006 with a BA (Hons) in Fine Art from the School of Art, Bath Spa University in the United Kingdom.

I gained a Master of Fine Art degree with Distinction in 2008 and in doing so received the influential Axisweb's award 'MAstars' that year. [www.axisweb.org]

I was awarded a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 2017 for research into the 'Neo-monument: Monuments of Dissent and Their Emergence in 20th and 21st Century Western Culture'.